VISTE SU ROMA – EN
The Aventine is one of the seven hills on which Rome was founded. It has a maximum height of 46 m a.s.l. and is located directly on the banks of the Tiber. In early Roman times it was a very poor neighborhood which only with the passing of the centuries developed to become a highly sought after area. Today the Aventine for its quiet, the many green areas and its proximity to the historic center is a very elegant residential neighborhood.
Keyhole of Rome
On the Aventine Hill the Villa of the Priory of Malta is located, an extraterritorial seat of the knights of Malta since 1869. Attached to this villa there is a beautiful garden with a wonderful view. But being extraterritorial it is not possible for almost anyone to visit it. For those who are curious, however, there is the possibility of “spying” inside the garden from the outside through the “Buco di Roma”, the most famous keyhole in Italy.
This small park with the official name “Parco Savello” occupies an area where in the 13th century the noble Savelli family built their fort. Today, however, it is a beautiful public garden famous above all for the many bitter orange trees that are planted there, and for the splendid view that can be enjoyed from the panoramic terrace, a view that gathers St. Peter’s Basilica, Castel Sant’Angelo, Trastevere, the Tiber Island, the Tiber and a large portion of the historical center. A small curiosity of this garden is its optical illusion: If you enter the park through the main gate, you can see the huge dome of St. Peter nearby. Unfortunately, it shrinks more and more with every step towards the panoramic terrace, an optical effect not to be missed.
The tiny island has, despite its small size, an enormous historical value for the city. Thanks to the island at this point the Tiber river is divided into two narrow branches, in fact the island is the spot where the first bridges were built to connect ancient Rome to the other side of the river, Trastevere. In ancient times, the temple dedicated to Asclepius, the Greek god of medicine, was erected in this area and still today a large portion of the island is occupied by a hospital. Small diversion of our days, on the Tiber island there is one of the most famous trattorias in Rome and for the Romans, trattoria “Sora Lella”, which belonged to a Roman character actress who has passed away years ago, but in the air of the island, you can still breathe that period ‘Romanesco’ from the 1960s.
The district Trastevere (from the Latin trans Tiberim = beyond the Tiber) is located beyond the Tiber. In fact, in the early history of the city, Rome was built only on one bank of the Tiber, hence the name. For almost all its history, Trastevere has been one of the poor neighborhoods, inhabited by fishermen, tanners, but also by many immigrants – perhaps it has always been the most multicultural neighborhood in Rome. With its narrow and curved streets and the small houses which quite often belong still to the medieval period, Trastevere has a very particular atmosphere and could almost seem like a small town of its own right in the middle of Rome. A classic destination for everyone, but especially popular with young people, given the numerous pubs scattered here and there, and the characteristic Piazza Trilussa, where you can stop for a while to sip a beer or a glass of wine between a chat and the other, perhaps accompanied by a folkloric street artist.
Gianicolo - Janiculum
With its 88 m height, the Janiculum is the highest hill located in the historic center of Rome. According to an ancient tradition, the name derives from a small inhabited center called Ianiculum, founded by the divinity Janus. In the early centuries of Roman history, this hill was particularly important for the protection of the city, thanks to the excellent view from the hilltop onto the whole surrounding area. Today it is famous for its splendid panoramic view, from which you can admire the entire historic center. On the Janiculum is situated also one of the most impressive fountains of Rome, the Fontana dell’Acqua Paola, built in the early seventeenth century at the behest of Pope Paul V as a terminal exhibition of a newly restored Roman aqueduct. For its enormity, this fountain by the Romans is known mainly as the “Fontanone” – the “huge Fountain”. Today the Janiculum is frequented by everyone, families looking for light-heartedness, people for jogging, and obviously by couples, who, taking advantage of the magnificent view, carve out a moment of magical romance. In modern times on the central terrace has been set up a tiny theater called puppet theater. Its history goes back to 1945 when it was used to cheer children and young people immediately after the war. To this day it is still functional thanks to the offers of those watching the puppet performances.
Via Giulia was built starting from the sixteenth century at the behest of Pope Julius II with the aim of facilitating the movement of people and wagons in a neighborhood that at that time was made of small narrow alleys. About a kilometer long and entirely straight it was a rarity for the Rome of the time and up to the present day there are very few streets like it in the historic center. Via Giulia is considered one of the most beautiful streets in Rome.
This district, which has been Rome’s Jewish ghetto for many centuries, has kept its name to the present day – but not its atmosphere. Today it is a beautiful and very popular neighborhood. But upon closer inspection the dark history of this tiny area is remembered in many details.
Campidoglio or Monte Capitolino is one of the seven hills of Rome. It is the hill where in antiquity some of the most important temples such as the one dedicated to the Capitoline Triad were located. From this hill you can enjoy a wonderful view over the entire Roman Forum, the Palatine Hill and the Colosseum. One of the most spectacular views in the world, where you can see from above several Roman eras in a short distance from each other. The Piazza del Campidoglio was entirely rearranged by Michelangelo in the 16th century, however, it includes many sculptures from ancient Rome. Of particular note are two statues now replaced by copies, the equestrian statue of Emperor Marcus Aurelius and that of the Capitoline Wolf, with Romulus and Remus (founders of Rome).
Via Veneto is a nineteenth-century road that connects the historic center of Rome to the Pincian Hill. It is the street where in the time of Fellini the famous “Dolce Vita” took place. In the 60s it was the destination of all the great actors, Italian and foreign. It was customary to have an aperitif at Bar Canova in Piazza del Popolo, and then go to Via Veneto for dinner, crossing the beautiful park of Villa Borghese, a path definitely worth going over again, imagining Federico Fellini and Sophia Loren arm in arm heading towards Via Veneto, where Marcello Mastroianni, Gregory Peck, Dean Martin and many others were already comfortably sitting in some restaurant.
Villa Borghese is one of the largest and most central public parks in Rome. Starting from the late sixteenth century this area was acquired by the Borghese family to create a villa of delights for feasts, rides and walks. The park was a composition of formal and landscape gardens, areas reserved for hunting and recreation. Since the early twentieth century this garden has become public. Villa Borghese is also the place where the famous Borghese Gallery is situated, containing the private collection of Cardinal Scipione Borghese, one of the most important art galleries in Italy. The park is free entrance, without gates or closing times. A park in the heart of the capital city, where in addition to stopping for a nice picnic, you can take suggestive walks for a return to the times of the Borghese Family. Inside the villa, for those wishing to take a trip into the wild nature, there is the Zoo of Rome, the Bioparco, for a relaxing and instructive dive into the world of animals.
Located on Pincian Hill directly above Piazza del Popolo, the Terrazza del Pincio is often considered the most beautiful panoramic point in Rome. With a height of approx. 60 meters and an extraordinary proximity to the houses and churches of the historic center, it offers a view directly over the roofs and terraces, domes and bell towers of Rome. The Pincian Hill is opposite the Janiculum, on the other side of the city. The Pincian Hill is even more than the Janiculum area frequented by couples and families, being much closer to the center and having more means available even at night to reach it. A particularity that distinguishes the two terraces are the views, being positioned in front of each other and the time difference where you can fully enjoy the fantastic views. From the Janiculum you can see the sunrise, while from the Pincio you can see the sunset, but as we put it, they are two views not to be missed.