Centro Storico – EN
Piazza del Popolo - Peoples' Square
Once, the square located further north of Rome has been for many centuries the gateway for almost all travelers, therefore one of the most important squares from the representative point of view. Rearranged almost entirely at the beginning of the nineteenth century, today it is the most modern square in the historic center, one of the many meeting places for young and old, street artists, and above all, Federico Fellini’s square of the “Dolce Vita”.
Mausoleum of Augustus
The family tomb of the first Roman emperor built at the end of the 1st century BC today is a ruin. Despite having been reused in different ways throughout its history, the typical shape of the Roman mausoleum can still be recognized at first glance.
Erected as a Roman temple in the 2nd century AD under the reign of the emperor Hadrian, it was soon reused as a Christian church, and it is also for this reason that today it is the most well-preserved Roman monument in the eternal city. It is one of the most spectacular monuments in the world, and is famous above all for its immense dome – up to the present day the largest ever built in Rome. The Pantheon still remains wrapped in mysteries for its construction to the greatest scholars of history and art.
Today Piazza Navona is known as the most beautiful square in Rome, both for its particular shape and its beautiful baroque fountains. However, in ancient times Piazza Navona was really a stadium which only over the centuries was transformed. But the traces of its origin can still be observed today in many details. In today’s Roman times, it is also a popular meeting point, and above all the place where the Befana festival is celebrated, a Roman festival dating back to the 10th-6th century BC.
The historic market square of Rome today is certainly one of the most famous and popular squares in the city even if it is one of the few that is not connected to any important monument. In the center of the square the statue of Giordano Bruno (Italian philosopher and monk, one of the first to be convinced of the truth of the Copernican solar system, for this he was sent to the stake) is located. The square has a wonderful atmosphere, and a little curiosity about Campo de ‘Fiori is the very different aura that you breathe in the morning, with the classic local market, and in the evening with the nightlife, appearing inexplicably, two completely different squares.
For many centuries the Jewish Ghetto of Rome, this area has kept its name to the present day – but not the atmosphere. Today it is a beautiful and very popular neighborhood, but at a closer look the gloomy history of this district is remembered in many details.
Teatro di Marcello
A typical Roman theater, built for the will of the emperor Augustus and dedicated to his nephew Marcellus. Today it is the best preserved ancient theatre in the city of Rome. During its history it was reused in the most varied ways, so that today a curious mixture between Roman and medieval architecture can be observed.
Once the seat of the Embassy of the Republic of Venice for the Papal States, today the “Venice Square” is dominated by the Monument to Vittorio Emanuele II. This monument, built between the late nineteenth and early twentieth century is one of the last imposing monuments erected in Rome before its historic center was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1980.
Fontana di Trevi - Trevi Fountain
This immense eighteenth century fountain was built in the late Baroque style and is located at the end of an ancient Roman aqueduct. Both in size and beauty it is one of the most famous fountains in the world. The fountain is also well known today, for the famous bath of Anita Ekberg in the film “La Dolce Vita” by Federico Fellini. The Roman legend says that throwing a coin into the fountain will bring good luck, and that with absolute certainty, you will surely return to the eternal city. It is no coincidence that the Trevi Fountain collects more than one million Euros in coins every year.
Piazza di Spagna
This square, which once housed the Spanish embassy for the Papal States, is best known for its staircase, the ‘Spanish Steps’, that connects the square below to the church ‘Trinità dei Monti’ located above the staircase on the Pincian hill. At the foot of the stairs one of the most popular Roman fountains, the so-called “Barcaccia” is located, which was built in the 17th century by Pietro and Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Today, both square and stairs are among the most popular meeting places in the city, where friends meet, but also many encounters with tourists from all over the world take place. This is mainly thanks to the steps of the stairs from where you can not only enjoy a wonderful view, but until recently you could sit down for a short break and often spend the entire evening.